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Medieval Kven rulers of Europe


Based on the medieval sources below, the ruling families of England, Ireland, Normandy, Norway, the Orkney Islands, Russia, Scotland and Sweden – among others – descended from the kings of Kvenland and Finland.

In 97 AD, the Roman historian P.G. Tacitus describes Kvens (Sitones), living north of the Suiones (Swedes), and says that they are led by a woman.

In 320 AD (c.), Nór, a royal Kven descendant of King Fornjót, establishes Norway, based on the information given in the 1230 AD Orkneyinga saga and the 1387 AD Hversu Noregr byggðist (‘How Norway was settled’). The royal lineages sprung from him and his brother Gór are discussed in these and other medieval sources.

In 551 AD, the Roman historian Jordanes’ writing in the ‘De origine actibusque Getarum’, a.k.a. Getica, about the ‘Vinoviloth’ is viewed by many historians as a reference to the Kvens:

And there are beyond these the Eastern Geats (Ostrogothae), Romerike (Raumarici), Rankike (Aeragnaricii), and the most gentle Finni, milder than all the inhabitants of Scandinavia (Scandza). Like them are the Vinoviloth (Kvens) also.

Getica – compiled in Constantinople – tells about the origins and history of the Gothic people. It also mentions the “Adogit” people, living in the far north in Scadinavia (“Scandza”). This is seen as a possible reference to the petty kingdom of Hålogaland, which based on medieval evidence was inhabited by the Kvens in the middle of the first millennium, but perhaps also a long before.

According to Emeritus Professor Kyösti Julku (Kvenland – Kainuunmaa, 1986), in the modern-day Northern Norwegian county of Troms alone there are at least 12 prehistoric Kven place names. During Viking Age, Troms formed the northernmost part of Hålogaland.

Alex Woolf (From Pictland to Alba, 2007) links the name Hålogaland to the Aurora Borealis – the “Northern Lights” -, saying that Hålogaland meant the “Land of the High Fire”, “loga” deriving from ‘logi’, which refers to fire.

In the medieval accounts of Ynglingatal and Skáldskaparmál, “Logi” is described as the personification of fire, a fire giant, and as a “son of Fornjót”. In the medieval Orkneyinga saga and the account of ‘Hversu Noregr byggðist’, Fornjót is described as the King of Finland, Kvenland and Gotland. The royal lineages sprung from his children are discussed in other medieval accounts.

The beginning of the ‘Þorsteins saga Víkingssonar’ (‘Saga of Thorstein son of Víking’) discusses King Logi who ruled the country north of Norway. Because Logi was larger and stronger than any other man in land, his name was lengthened from Logi to Hálogi, meaning ‘High-Logi’, and derived from that name his country became called Hálogaland, “Hálogi’s-land” (modern-day Hålogaland, a.k.a. Halogaland).

In 600 AD (c.), according to the ‘Old English’ poem Wildsith, Finland is ruled by King Caelic.

In 750 AD (c.), the Norna-Gests þáttr saga mentions that the king of Denmark and Sweden Sigurd Ring fought against the invading Finnic Curonians and Kvens in the southernmost part of today’s Sweden:

“Sigurd Ring (Sigurðr) was not there, since he had to defend his land, Sweden (Svíþjóð), since Curonians and Kvens were raiding there.”

In 760 AD, Kvens and Norse cooperate in battling against the invading Karelians, according to Egil’s saga (c. 1240 AD).

In 862 AD (c.), Prince Rurik founds Russia, according to the Primary Chronicle (1113 AD). Based on medieval sources, Rurik was from the modern-day area of Stockholm, a part of the historical Kvenland. Recent DNA studies confirm Rurik to have been Finnic.

In 873 AD, the Kvens and Norse cooperate in battling against the invading Kareliansm according to the Egil’s saga (written in c. 1240 AD). The chapter XVII of Egil’s saga describes how Thorolf Kveldulfsson (King of Norway’s tax chief starting 872 AD) from Namdalen, located in the southernmost tip of the historic Hålogaland, goes to Kvenland again:

“That same winter Thorolf went up on the fell with a hundred men; he passed on at once eastwards to Kvenland and met King Faravid.”

Based on medieval documents, the above meeting took place during the winter of 873-874 AD.

In 880 AD (c.), the oldest known written use of the term ‘Kven’, with nearly that spelling, is made in the ‘Account of the Viking Othere’, a report of the geopolitical landscape of the North, based on the Norse Viking adventurer Ottar’s voyage through the oceanic coasts of Northern Scandinavia and today’s extreme Northwestern Russia.

In this account, the Kvens are referred to as “Cwenas” who live in “Cwena land”. This was the first genuine and comprehensive account of the North. Thus, it is a principle source in studies relating to the Nordic history.

In 890 AD, Ottar reports the findings to King Alfred of Wessex, who has Ottar’s account included to the omissions and additions added to the Universal History of Orosius, republished by King Alfred. The book is partially work of Orosius and partially of King Alfred.

The Kven Sea is mentioned as the northern border for ancient Germany. The location of Kvenland is also explained in the following ways:

Ottar (Ohthere) said that the Norwegians’ (Norðmanna) land was very long and very narrow … and to the east are wild mountains, parallel to the cultivated land. Sami people (Finnas) inhabit these mountains … Then along this land southwards, on the other side of the mountain (sic), is Sweden … and along that land northwards, Kvenland (Cwenaland).

The Cwenas (Kvens) sometimes make depredations on the Northmen over the mountain, and sometimes the Northmen on them; there are very large freshwater meres amongst the mountains, and the Kvens carry their ships over land into the meres, and thence make depredations on the Northmen; they have very little ships, and very light.

(Notably, there is a reference in the Orkneyinga saga to the southern Norwegian lake district, including Lake Mjøsa, an area which was inhabited at that time: the Orkneyinga saga tells how these inhabitants were attacked by men from Kvenland.)

… the Swedes (Sweons) have to the south of them the arm of the sea called East (Osti), and to the east of them Sarmatia (Sermende), and to the north, over the wastes, is Kvenland (Cwenland), to the northwest are the Sami people (Scridefinnas), and the Norwegians (Norðmenn) are to the west.

In 1075 AD, the German chronicler Adam of Bremen discusses Kvens in ‘Gesta’. He calls Kvenland “Terra Feminarum” (“Women’s Territory”), paralleling the remarks made by P.C. Tacitus in 97 AD.

In 1154 AD, the Arab historian and scientist Muhammad al-Idrisi tells that the King of FMRK has possessions in Norway.

“Fmrk” refers to the modern-day Norwegian province of Finnmark (“Finn” “land”), a part of the historic Kvenland.

In 1157 AD (c.), in his geographical chronicle ‘Leiðarvísir og borgarskipan’, the Icelandic Abbot Níkulás Bergsson (Nikolaos) provides descriptions of the lands near Norway:

Closest to Denmark is little Sweden (Svíþjóð), there is Öland (Eyland); then is Gotland (Gotland); then Hälsingland (Helsingaland); then Värmland (Vermaland); then two Kvenlands (Kvenlönd), and they extend to north of Bjarmia (Bjarmalandi).

In 1170 AD, Historia Norvegiae tells about Kvenland. According to it, the Kvens served pagan gods.

In 1187 AD, the “capitol” of the Sveas (Swedes) Sigtuna is raided and burned by attack from easterly direction. Swedish Eric’s Chronicle in 1335 AD blames the Finnish Karelians for the offense, perhaps because by then a large part of the historic Kvenland had aready become a part of Sweden, which now planned attacks against the Karelians.

Professor Kustaa Vilkuna presumesthe Sigtuna raid to likely have been a revenge for the Sigtuna merchants having intruded Kven fisheries at the River Kemijoki and having paid uninvited visits to the hunting grounds of the Karelians. Accordingly, it is possible that the Kvens raided Sigtuna or the Kvens and Karelians together.

The medieval naming of a settlement – a group of houses – in the village of Liedakkala by the River Kemijoki as “Sihtuuna” may be an additional sign of this.

In 1216 AD, the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus writes in ‘Gesta Danorum’ about Finnish and Kven kings and about the Scandinavian royal families.

Grammaticus’ account shares likeness, many characters and stories with the writings of Snorri Sturluson. According to both, many heroic Scandinavian figures have Finnish/Kven roots.

In reference to the legendary Battle of Bråvalla (c. 750), where the Swedes fought the Geats, Grammaticus names a few such heros:

”Now the bravest of the Swedes were these: Arwakki, Keklu-Karl …”

In 1220 AD, in the Ynglinga Saga, the Icelandic bishop, poet and historian Snorri Sturluson discusses marriages between and wars of Finnish and Swedish royal families.

The saga tells about the Ynglings, the oldest known Scandinavian dynasty and a semi-legendary royal Swedish clan during the Age of Migrations, 300–700 AD. The clan’s kings, including e.g. King Ongenpeow (d. c. 515 AD) and his sons Onela and Ohthere, descended from Kven kings.

The spelling “Ongenpeow” is believed to refer to ‘Ongenpoika’ (“fisher boy” in Finnish) or ‘Onnenpoika’ (“lucky boy”).

“Onela” (Onnela) in Finnish means “happy place”. The double consonants of Finnish names (such as Onnela) are regularly substituted by a single consonant in Germanic texts (as in “Onela”), even today.

“Ohthere” derives from the Proto-Norse ‘Ōhtaharjaz’. ‘Ohtaharjas’ is Finnish, “ohta” meaning “forehead” in the Ostrobothnian dialect of Finnish, and “Harjas” meaning “bristle”, “prickle” and “brush” in Finnish. Historians widely agree Ostrobothnia to have been the central area of Kvenland.

Among other Kven leaders, these kings led the Swedes (Swedish: Svea/r) in battles against their southern neighbors, the Geats (Swedish: Göta/r), in the modern-day area of Southern Sweden at the time when approximately 2/3 of today’s area of Sweden was inhabited and ruled by the Kvens.

‘Ynglings’ also refers to the Fairhair dynasty, descending from the Kven kings of Oppland, Norway, who had sprung from Nór’s great-grandson Halfdan the Old. According to Orkneyinga Saga, Nór founded Norway. He was a direct descendant of Fornjót, the King of Finland, Kvenland and Gotland.

In 1220 AD (c.), in the Skáldskaparmál section of Edda, Snorri Sturluson discusses King Halfdan the Old, Nór’s (Kven King Fornjót’s descendant) great-grandson and his nine sons who are the forefathers of various royal lineages, including “… Yngvi, from whom the Ynglings are descended”.

In Skáldskaparmál, Snorri Sturluson also points in another way to the Finnish/Kven origin of the royal Yngling dynasty:

“One war-king was named Skelfir; and his house is called the House of Skilfings: his kindred is in Eastern Land.”

At the time of Sturluson’s statement above, in the early 13th century, the Swedish name commonly used for the modern-day area of Southern Finland was “Eastern Land”, Österland in Swedish, referring to the eastern part of what was forming to become the Realm of Sweden.

From 1353 up to 1809, “Sweden proper” included (a gradually increasing part of) the present-day Republic of Finland as a fully integrated part of the realm, officially referred to as Österland (“Eastern Land”). After 1809 however the use of the term has been to distinguish the western part from the former eastern half of the realm, or Sweden from Finland.

In 1230 AD, the introduction to the Orkneyinga Saga – a.k.a. Fundinn Noregr (‘Foundation of Norway’) – provides information about Fornjót, the “King of Finland and Kvenland” and the conquest of Norway by his descendant, Nór. The saga also provides details on the royal descendants of Gór, Nór’s brother.

Based on the information given in this saga, the ruling families of Sweden, Norway, the Orkney Islands, Normandy and England descend from these Finnish and Kven kings.

The saga tells that the southern Norwegian lake district, including Lake Mjøsa (100 kilometers north from the modern-day Oslo), were attacked by men from Kvenland.

In 1240 AD (c.), the Egil’s saga tells how the Kvens and Norse cooperate in battling against the invading Karelians. In chapter XVII, Thorolf Kveldulfsson (he became the King of Norway’s tax chief in 872 AD) from Namdalen, located in the southernmost tip of the historic Hålogaland, goes to Kvenland again:

“That same winter Thorolf went up on the fell with a hundred men; he passed on at once eastwards to Kvenland and met King Faravid.”

Based on medieval documents, the above meeting took place during the winter of 873-874 AD.

In 1251 AD, the Karelians fight against the Norwegians.

In 1271 AD, Icelandic annals report the following to have happened in the mid-northern part of today’s Norway: “Then Karelians and Kvens pillaged widely in Hålogaland.”

In 1320 AD (through 1335 AD), the Swedish “Eric’s Chronicle” (‘Erikskrönikan’) is printed. It blames the Finnic Karelians for the burning of the Swedes’ “capitol”, Sigtuna, in 1187 AD. A large part of the historical Kvenland and lands of the Sveas have by now melted together into a one new nation of Sweden. This may be the reason why the Kvens are not blamed for the 1½ centuries old fire. Besides, attacks against the Karelian were being planned at the time when the chronicle was written.

In 1387 AD, Hversu Noregr byggðist traces the royal descendants of the primeval Finnish/Kven king Fornjót.

In 1438 AD, an influential farmer of Vesilahti – in the area of the modern-day Finland -, named David, declares himself the King of Finland and begins to lead a dangerous peasant revolt. The revolt is defeated, however.

In 1539 AD, the map of Scandinavia by Olaus Magnus shows a Kven settlement roughly in between today’s Tromsa and Lofoten, named “Berkara Qvenar”.

In 1543 AD, Finnish clergyman Mikael Agricola finishes his translation of the New Testament into Finnish. The book is published in 1548 and it is named ‘Se Wsi Testamenti’.

The book’s introduction by Agricola includes a fictitious story about “crusades” to Finland, originally presented in the oldest Swedish historical account and oldest surviving literary work originating from Sweden, the “Eric’s Chronicle” (‘Erikskrönikan’ in Swedish), written by an unknown author between about 1320 and 1335 AD. In mid 1500s AD, the first known Norwegian tax records discuss Kvens living in and near Hålagoland, the first known kingdom in what today is Norway.

In 1551 AD, Mikael Agricola publishes book named “Psalms of David” (‘Daavidin psalttari’). The book includes a list of ancient Finnish gods, and it names several Finnish kings.

In 1554 AD, a history written by Johannes Magnus, expelled from Sweden for being Catholic, is published in Rome. In the book, Finland is represented as an ancient kingdom.

In 1555 AD, the famous work by Olaus Magnus, ‘A Description of the Northern Peoples’, is published. Finland is described as an old kingdom.

In 1598 AD (through 1599 AD), Finnish nobility and castle commanders fight on the side of King Sigismund against Duke Charles in the Swedish Civil War – e. g. in a campaign targeting the areas of Upland and Stockholm. Other Finns participated on both camps. After the victory of Charles, hard times begin for the Finnish nobility and clergy, with the launching of intentional and persistent Swedification.

In 1607 AD, once King Karl IX of Sweden had strengthened his hold on the crown of Sweden, he appended to it the title ‘King of the Caijaners’, referring to the inhabitants of Kainuu/Kvenland, apparently using the title the first time on March 16, 1607.

However, Kainuu (Kvenland) “occupied a separate position from the rest of Finland for a long time to come” (Julku, 1986), and a large part of Kvenland never became a part of Sweden.

In 1611 AD (through 1616 AD), Helsinki-born Finnish priest, historian and scientist Sigfridus Aronus Forsius publishes the “Chronicle of Finland” (‘Suomen kronikka’), in which he discusses the background of Finnish people. Forsius is imprisoned twice for political conspiracy and treason against the King of Sweden. Only fragments of Forsius’ chronicle have survived up to date.

In 1616 AD (through 1635 AD), – while in prison due to political reasons – Johannes Messenius writes the “Rhyme Chronicle of Finland and its Inhabitants” (‘Rimkrönika om Finland och dess invånare’). The book is published in 1774 by history professor Johan Bilmark. In the book, Messenius tells about Finnish kings.

In 1650 AD, Michael Wexionius represents Finland as an ancient kingdom in his history.

In 1670s AD, the “Finnish Chronicle by Anonymous” enlists the ancient Finnish kings.

In 1700 AD, the “Old and New Turku” by Daniel Juslenius is published. In it, Finland is presented as an ancient kingdom.

In 1700 AD (through 1705 AD), “Scondia Illustrata” by Johannes Messenius is printed. In it, Finnish kings are dealt with in depth.

In 1728 AD, the ‘Chronicle of Finland’ by an anonymous author appears in a publication called “Schwedische Bibliothek”.

In 1742 AD, a political move by the Russian Empress Elizabeth, a manifest on the independence of Finland, causes commotion following the “War of the Hats”. Turku, Finland, serves as the location for a Diet to elect a king for Finland. The elected king is Peter III, the later Czar, then the heir apparent. However, the Russians withdraw from the project and peace is concluded with Sweden in 1743.

In 1768 AD, the historian Tatishchev relates about Finnish kings in his “Russian Chronicle”.

In 1769 AD, “Svea Rikes Historia” by Sven Bring is published. In it, Finland is still an ancient kingdom. Additional editions are printed in 1778, 1784 and 1790.

In 1783 AD (through 1784 AD), the Russian empress Catherine the Great publishes an article about Russian history in which she considers Rurik, regarded as founder of Russia, to be a Finnish prince. The work is published in German in 1786.

In 1784 AD (through 1800 AD), Henrik Gabriel Porthan publishes the “Finnish Bishops’ Chronicle” by Paul Juusten, with a commentary. Porthan denies the existence of the Finnish rulers as well as any independent government in Finland before the formation of Sweden-Finland.

Porthan’s reasoning is unfounded. For example, he claims that there could not have been kings in Finland since there were no “castle mountains” either. Porthan’s attacks become understandable taking into consideration the fact that at the same time Count Georg Magnus Sprengtporten promoted in Russia a plan of an independent Finland, separate from the rest of Sweden.

In 1789 AD, Finland is represented as an ancient kingdom in “Mythologia Fennica” by Christfrid Ganander.

In 1918 AD, October 9, Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse was elected to the throne of the Kingdom of Finland, to become Charles I, King of Finland. Up to date, he has been the last “Kven king”, a decsendant of the ancient Kven kings, or anyone – for that matter – to have been named for this position.

However, after the armistice between the belligerents of World War I was signed on November 11, 1918, warnings from the West convinced the Finnish government to ask the German-born Frederick to give up the crown, which he officially had not come wear in Finland at this point yet. The king-elect Frederick renounced the throne on December 14, 1918. Finland subsequently adopted a republican constitution.

Kven clan lineages

Hversu Noregr byggðist (‘How Norway was inhabited’) is an account of the origin of various legendary Norwegian lineages. It traces the descendants of the primeval Finnish ruler Fornjót down to Nór, who is here the eponym and first great king of Norway, and then gives details of the descendants of Nór and of his brother Gór in the following section known as the Ættartölur (‘Genealogies’, a.k.a. Fundinn Noregr, ‘Founding of Norway’).

The Hversu account is closely paralleled by the opening of the Orkneyinga saga.

The ‘genealogies’ also shows that many heroic families famed in Scandinavian tradition but not located in Norway were of a Finn-Kven stock, mostly sprung from Nór’s great-grandson Halfdan the Old.

Almost all the lineages sprung from Halfdan are then shown to lead to the person of Harald Fairhair, the first king of “all Norway”. This information can be confirmed in other sources.

The ‘Ættartölur’ account ends to a genealogy of Harald’s royal descendants down to Olaf IV of Norway with the statement that the account was written in 1387, and with a list of the kings of Norway from this Olaf back to Harald Fair-hair.

King Fornjót

Fornjót (Fornjótr in Old Norse) was an ancient giant in Norse mythology and a King of Finland. His children are Ægir (a.k.a. Hlér, ruler of seas), Logi (fire giant) and Kári (god of wind).

The name has often been interpreted as forn-jótr, “ancient giant”, and because of this Karl Simrock (1869) identified Formjót with the primeval giant Ymir.

In 1818, historian Müller suggested that Fornjót is one in a well-established group of names or titles of gods under the term ‘njótr’, referring to “user, owner, possessor”.

This would make Fornjót the “original owner” (primus occupans vel utens) of Norway.

Fornjót is mentioned in the 9th century Ynglingatal, skaldic (“courtly”) poem listing the kings of the House of Ynglings, the oldest royal dynasty in Scandinadia.

In Ynglingatal, “son of Fornjót” seems to refer to fire, just like in Skáldskaparmál, one of the three distinct books of Snorri Sturluson’d Prose Edda, in c. 1220 AD, in this manner:

“How should the wind be periphrased? Thus: call it son of Fornjót, Brother of the Sea and of Fire, Scathe or Ruin or Hound or Wolf of the Wood or of the Sail or of the Rigging.”

Fornjót’s offspring

Fornjót’s son Kári is mentioned in Skáldskaparmál as a term for wind. In the Hversu and Orkneyinga saga accounts Kári appears to be the heir to his father’s kingdoms, as in the Hversu account Kári’s descendants emerge not only as rulers of Finland and Kvenland, but also Sweden, and then through Viking and Varangian conquests many other nations as well.

Kári’ son is named Frosti (‘frost’) according to the Orkneyinga saga but Jökul (jǫkull, ‘icicle, ice, glacier’) according to the Hversu account. He is the father of Snær the Old (‘Snow the Old’), who according to Sturlaugs saga is also the King of Finnmark, i.e. the northermost part Scandinavia and Kvenland.

Snær’s daughter Drifa married King Vanlandi of Upsal, Sweden, as stated e.g. in the Ynglinga saga. Their son’ Visbur became the King of the House of Ynglings, succeeded by his son Dómaldi, King of Sweden.

Snaer was succeeded by his son Thorri as the King of Kvenland, Finland and Gotland. Thorri’s children were Gói (‘Thin Snow’), Gór and Nór, who was the founder of Norway and frorefather for Halfdan the Old, of whom many royal families of Europe sprang from.

Based on Ynglinga saga, Frosti’s daughter Skjálf married the King Agni of Sweden. He was succeeded by the legendary Swedish King Yngvi, according to the Íslendingabók and the Historia Norwegiæ. However, the Ynglingatal gives the sons Alrekr and Eirikr as Agne’s successors.

In Orkneyinga saga

“There was a king called Fornjót who ruled over Finland and Kvenland, the countries stretching to the east of what we call the Gulf of Bothnia, which lies opposite the White Sea. Fornjót had three sons, Hler (whom we also call AEgir), a second called Logi and a third, Kari, the father of Frosti, who was in turn the father of Snaer the Old, the father of Thorri. He had two sons, Nór and Gór and a daughter, Gói.”

According to legend, Fornjót was also the father of Karl, Hlessey, and Gmir. Nór founded Norway (Nór’s way) and Gor was known as the “Sea King”.

Goi was abducted by Hrolf of Bjard, son of the giant Svadi. Nór challenged Hrolf for the return of his sister and the battle ended with Nór getting Hrolf’s sister for his wife and Hrolf keeping Goi as his wife.

The Orkneyinga Saga goes on to say:

“Earl Rognvald campaigned with King Harald Fine Hair who gave him charge of North More, South More and Romsdale. Earl Rognvald married Ragnhild, the daughter of Hrolf Nose, and it was their son, Hrolf, who conquered Normandy.

This Hrolf was so big that no horse could carry him, which is why he was given the name Gongu-Hrolf. The earls of Rouen and the kings of England are descended from him.”

Neighbors of Kvens

The chronicle of King Alfred the Great from 890 AD states what other historic accounts and maps confirm:

On Viking Age, Scandinavia was inhabited by the Lapps, the Norse, the Suiones of Svealand in and the Kvens.

The Norse (ancestors of Norwegians) and the Suiones (ancestors of Swedes) inhabited the southern half of the Scandinavian peninsula.

The norhern half of Scandinavia and northern Finland were inhabited by the Lapps (i.e. Sami) and the Kvens. That area was Kvenland.

What was referred to as Finland in the Middle Ages, was the southern and southwestern parts of today’s Finland.

“Finland” was inhabited by Finnic tribes such as the Tavastians (hämäläiset) in the west and the Savonians (savolaiset) northeast from them.

The Finnic tribe of Bjärmians (‘vienankarjalaiset’) lived east from the Kvens, on the shores of the White Sea and the surrounding areas in today’s Northwestern Russia.

Karelians inhabitad the territories east and southeast from Kvenland.

The chronicle by King Alfred the Great mentiones that Kvenland was located around big bodies of waters (presumably the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, Gulf of Bothnia – a.k.a. Kven Sea, Kainuunmeri in Finnish -, White Sea), by large fjords (e.g. Varangerfjord), by large lakes (Lake Inari, Lake Oulu. etc.), and by large rivers ( Kainuunväylä – “Kvenland River”, a.k.a. Kalix River, Torne River, Kemijoki River, etc.).

World’s oldest known fishing net, from Finland, dated to c. 8300 AD.

The historic phases of the image of Finland described above show that facts about the Finns’ active and independent role as a nation were silenced and information on Finnish culture etc. were begun to be “explained away” at a time when the interests of Finland and Sweden started to clash. Finnish obedience to the Crown was ensured by lying about history. In today’s falsification and obscuring of history, the reasons are similar. It is not desirable that we take a healthy pride in our own ethnic background, nor are we allowed to have any common positive experiences as Finns. Finnish history before the year 1250 has been silenced into non-existence; the legends of King Eric and Bishop Henry are perpetuated as truth; the results of modern genetic research about the European genetic connection of the Finns is interpreted in an unintelligible manner to humor the Swedophiles, and our survival in the 2nd World War still seems to be a matter of shame and not of satisfaction. The only things “Finnish” on which we are allowed to pride ourselves without the “media powers” getting apoplectic are Kekkonen, Tom of Finland, and Vampira. However, since we are unable to change our descent, it may be well-founded to form our own view on what it is and was to be Finnish.

 


So we have all heard about the first natives, i honor their ways and colture, they are mong the wisest on earth … so shall we start then

 

Cherokee Prayer Blessing

May the Warm Winds of Heaven
Blow softly upon your house.
May the Great Spirit
Bless all who enter there.
May your Mocassins
Make happy tracks
in many snows,
and may the Rainbow
Always touch your shoulder.

Native American Prayer

Oh, Great Spirit
Whose voice I hear in the winds,
And whose breath gives life to all the world,
hear me, I am small and weak,
I need your strength and wisdom.
Let me walk in beauty and make my eyes ever behold
the red and purple sunset.
Make my hands respect the things you have
made and my ears sharp to hear your voice.
Make me wise so that I may understand the things
you have taught my people.
Let me learn the lessons you have
hidden in every leaf and rock.

I seek strength, not to be greater than my brother,
but to fight my greatest enemy – myself.
Make me always ready to come to you
with clean hands and straight eyes.
So when life fades, as the fading sunset,
my Spirit may come to you without shame.

(translated by Lakota Sioux Chief Yellow Lark in 1887)
published in Native American Prayers – by the Episcopal Church.

Honor the sacred.
Honor the Earth, our Mother.
Honor the Elders.
Honor all with whom we
share the Earth:-
Four-leggeds, two-leggeds,
winged ones,
Swimmers, crawlers,
plant and rock people.
Walk in balance and beauty.

Native American Elder

Lakota Instructions for Living

Friend do it this way – that is,
whatever you do in life,
do the very best you can
with both your heart and mind.

And if you do it that way,
the Power Of The Universe
will come to your assistance,
if your heart and mind are in Unity.

When one sits in the Hoop Of The People,
one must be responsible because
All of Creation is related.
And the hurt of one is the hurt of all.
And the honor of one is the honor of all.
And whatever we do effects everything in the universe.

If you do it that way – that is,
if you truly join your heart and mind
as One – whatever you ask for,
that’s the Way It’s Going To Be.

passed down from White Buffalo Calf Woman

Go Forward With Courage

When you are in doubt, be still, and wait;
when doubt no longer exists for you, then go forward with courage.
So long as mists envelop you, be still;
be still until the sunlight pours through and dispels the mists
— as it surely will.
Then act with courage.

Ponca Chief White Eagle (1800’s to 1914)

Earth, Teach Me

Earth teach me quiet ~ as the grasses are still with new light.
Earth teach me suffering ~ as old stones suffer with memory.
Earth teach me humility ~ as blossoms are humble with beginning.
Earth teach me caring ~ as mothers nurture their young.
Earth teach me courage ~ as the tree that stands alone.
Earth teach me limitation ~ as the ant that crawls on the ground.
Earth teach me freedom ~ as the eagle that soars in the sky.
Earth teach me acceptance ~ as the leaves that die each fall.
Earth teach me renewal ~ as the seed that rises in the spring.
Earth teach me to forget myself ~ as melted snow forgets its life.
Earth teach me to remember kindness ~ as dry fields weep with rain.

An Ute Prayer

Treat the earth well.
It was not given to you by your parents,
it was loaned to you by your children.
We do not inherit the Earth from our Ancestors,
we borrow it from our Children.

Ancient Indian Proverb

Before our white brothers arrived to make us civilized men,
we didn’t have any kind of prison. Because of this, we had no delinquents.
Without a prison, there can be no delinquents.
We had no locks nor keys and therefore among us there were no thieves.
When someone was so poor that he couldn’t afford a horse, a tent or a blanket,
he would, in that case, receive it all as a gift.
We were too uncivilized to give great importance to private property.
We didn’t know any kind of money and consequently, the value of a human being
was not determined by his wealth.
We had no written laws laid down, no lawyers, no politicians,
therefore we were not able to cheat and swindle one another.
We were really in bad shape before the white men arrived and I don’t know
how to explain how we were able to manage without these fundamental things
that (so they tell us) are so necessary for a civilized society.

John (Fire) Lame Deer
Sioux Lakota – 1903-1976

Lakota Prayer

Wakan Tanka, Great Mystery,
teach me how to trust
my heart,
my mind,
my intuition,
my inner knowing,
the senses of my body,
the blessings of my spirit.
Teach me to trust these things
so that I may enter my Sacred Space
and love beyond my fear,
and thus Walk in Balance
with the passing of each glorious Sun.

According to the Native People, the Sacred Space
is the space between exhalation and inhalation.
To Walk in Balance is to have Heaven (spirituality)
and Earth (physicality) in Harmony.

Traditions


Lets talk about Traditions, its again the time of the year where we have few. like graduations from schools, or then here in finland we had our MIlitary Flag Day, it`s shows some kind of identity who you are or suposely are, to me it`s like an empty shell. Now dont take me wrong here.

Why it`s so ? I dont really know why, they all feel meaningless to me, im now days kinda lost with all of the traditions around, since what do they really represent? you? me? an Government? I dont really know

For me Traditions is something you create your self, what if we would stop celebrate an tradition? what happens then? Nothing really , for an instance i havent celebrated Christmas in a very long time, for me it represents Nothing than Obression, sadly so, now dont take me wrong again, Ive read enough, and trust me i read alot of many things. when i was younger me and my sister we did play monopoly on christmas eve, have some irishcoffee, and just enjoy the eve that way, but when you grow older, some of the traditions just sease to have an meaning, well at least its so for me.

this is what wikipedia says tradition is :

A tradition is a ritual, belief or object passed down within a society, still maintained in the present, with origins in the past.[1][2] Common examples include holidays or impractical but socially meaningful clothes (like lawyer wigs or military officer spurs), but the idea has also been applied to social norms such as greetings. Traditions can persist and evolve for thousands of years—the word “tradition” itself derives from the Latintradere or traderer literally meaning to transmit, to hand over, to give for safekeeping—and new traditions continue to appear today. While it is commonly assumed that traditions have ancient history, many traditions have been invented on purpose, whether that be political or cultural, over short periods of time. Certain scholarly fields, such as anthropology and biology, have adapted the term “tradition,” defining it more carefully than its conventional use in order to facilitate scholarly discourse.

The concept of tradition, as the notion of holding on to a previous time, is also found in political and philosophical discourse. For example, the political concept of traditionalism is based around it, as are strands of many world religions including traditional Catholicism. In artistic contexts, tradition is used to decide the correct display of an art form. For example, in the performance of traditional genres (such as traditional dance), adherence to guidelines dictating how an art form should be composed are given greater importance than the performer’s own preferences. A number of factors can exacerbate the loss of tradition, including industrialization, globalization, and the assimilation or marginalization of specific cultural groups. In response to this, tradition-preservation attempts have now been started in many countries around the world, focusing on aspects such as traditional languages. Tradition is usually contrasted with the goal of modernity and should be differentiated from customs, conventions, laws, norms, routines, rules and similar concepts.

Now i cant argue with that all, but it seems so meangless to me, sometimes even the Society does, since i see the flaws , yes i do see em all.

sigh thats all for now i think , have fun all and remember be at Peace


ive read some few years back about the Incas and so on, when the white man came to South America or thought they had found Americas.

they never saw the ships first the incas and other native americans. the saw the boats when they did row in, but not the sail ships, since they didnt know what they was, they didnt understand what it was, so they never saw them. so the shamans then whent to the beach, they was there for days, and then they saw the ships, they was surpised to see such sights..

Now then to modern times. the modern humans claim or think there is no life in space, since we cant see them, it doesnt mean, they arent there, what if we are just the same as the native american tribes, We dont see them because we dont understand what we see, and the brain dosent register it? it would not surpise me if it is so, since these beings or “Aliens” are so advanced in many ways, what id they are trying to contact us and we dont understand it.

As Dr.Michio Kaku has said there is 3 types of civilizations:

For a civilization to rank as Type-I, it has to be capable of harnessing the entire power of a planet, and dominate its processes, including its weather, geothermal energy, etc. It should be able to construct facilities anywhere it wants to on the planet.

For a civilization to rank as Type-II, it has to be capable of harnessing the power of its local star, and subsidiary planets.

For a civilization to rank as Type-III, it has to become inter-stellar/multi-stellar, capable of expanding across multiple star systems, and eventually the entire galaxy.

So if we would understand what we saw would our brain register them? i think it would…

“What does it mean for a civilization to be a million years old? We have had radio telescopes and spaceships for a few decades; our technical civilization is a few hundred years old … an advanced civilization millions of years old is as much beyond us as we are beyond a bushbaby or a macaque.”

Carl Sagan

Im kinda sure we are not alone, even the drake equation says so

N = R* fp ne fl fi fc L

 

where,

  • N = The number of communicative civilizations
  • R* = The rate of formation of suitable stars (stars such as our Sun)
  • fp = The fraction of those stars with planets. (Current evidence indicates that planetary systems may be common for stars like the Sun.)
  • ne = The number of Earth-like worlds per planetary system
  • fl = The fraction of those Earth-like planets where life actually develops
  • fi = The fraction of life sites where intelligence develops
  • fc = The fraction of communicative planets (those on which electromagnetic communications technology develops)
  • L = The “lifetime” of communicating civilizations.

this means we only need to look in to 12 more galaxys to find life we can register, what would be in same technology level as on earth….

and for them who thinks that there is no life in space, i have to say this, what is earth? yes a planet in space, its has air to breath, water , and it harbours life, so if you would denie the possibility that there is life in space, then you allso deny your excistense, and that is something i doubt you woould or will do….

and there is Billions of galaxys in them millions of suns as our own and around them millions and millions of planets, so there has to be life, to question is, are they here visiting us, and we cant register it?

Few things on my mind


So here i´m again. havent really had any inspirations to writte untill now.

first of all lets talk about circumcision

lots of people thinks its a good idea, and gives all the good benefencions to it, but they allso talks about its in the Bible now, what i know of the Bible is that Jesus did forbid it. No Slice and Dice the tip off. now i got to say this, DO you really think it-´s ok that you slice and dice your own children just cus its in your coluture? Think again its NOT  , would you like to be cut up as a child? do you think it´s not counted as an assault? yes it´s counted an assault……

Next what i got on my mind is the Parliement of Finland, now these people have all ready forgotten what they told and promissed for their Voters, SHAME ON you ALL SHAME!!!!!!, we the people voted for a change, a hope, you gave us empty Promises, you gave us more depression, we only asked for small things, such as more funds to the healtcare, and more funds for the Unemployed people and the poor families, and most of all for the Poor CHILDREN…… now we ask for this

we shall not be silent and keept in darkeness as sheaps, you can not silence us all, we want what was promised to us and we want it NOW!!!!


I have a dream


we all have various dreams and wishes in life, many of us will never have them fulfilled…..

I have a dream, its a powerful dream, i dream of a society what has justice, welfare, education real education that is, i have a dream that in this society there is no violance or wars, but true peace and that every one is equal.

I have a dream that we live in peace, i have a dream that the children dosent know about hardship nor violance. my dream can come true if we all work together.

what is your dream?

this is my , will you be part of it?


we are only a rough 5.4 million citizens, we have over 450.000 what lives under the poverty limit, we have over 200.000 children what lives in poverty, and we got 650.000 unemployed people. you said you did send us items well these are the items :

Ilta-Sanomat claimed a couple of weeks ago, explanation in its volume of aid sent by the Portuguese. According to the magazine were taken from Portugal to Finland during the Winter War days after the end of 19 902 boxes of sardines, 956 boxes of onions, 157 boxes of canned fish, 27 boxes of pineapple, rubber, and heat the water bags, sweaters and skis……

the items did come after the war, we didnt need them then, Abrigato is a portugese word, but Arregato is a japanese you didnt give the word, its their own.

the video what you need to know has some nasty comments about finland, lets boycotte nokia etc, if we dont pay you money. let me tell you this..

When we did BAILOUT Greece, our pension funds did go, after that we had to take more LOAN from the IMF. and when we did bailout Ireland we was told its the last time we have to bailout.

Now you ask for us to send our taxmoneys, to you? HOW on earth do you expect US to do that, since we have our own needs, its nothing about being selfish, its about to Preserve our own country, we do not need to bail you out.

Furtermore as a Citizen of the Republic of Finland, i demand a full withdrawal from the European Union, it has brought only missery to Finland.

I feel sad, because Finland was forced to join the EU, we the people voted NO to EU in the 90ths, but still we are in the EU, EU stole our independcy and Freedom

this is how many sees eu is

its time to wake up, and say no we are not your piggy bank, we are not your bailout


Plant Name High In: Health Lore
Anise soothing, expectorant, phlegm, coughs, colds, bronchitis, anemia
Anise Hyssop coughs, bronchial congestion
Apple fiber
Arugula
Asparagus protein, vitamin A & C
Basil methyl reduces indigestion, breath freshener, cures nausea and stomach ailments
Bay Laurel
Beans — Yellow & Green fiber, vitamin C
Bee Balm
Blueberry fiber, vitamin C cancer prevention
Balsam Poplars glycoside pain relief
Borage
Broccoli fiber, potassium, vitamins A, B2 & C
Brussels Sprouts fiber, potassium, vitamin C
Burnet wounds, sunburn, hemorrhoids, diarrhea
Cabbage fiber, potassium, folic acid, vitamins B1, B3 & C
Calendula ulcers, canker sores, menstruation pain, gum disease, sore throats, tonsillitis
California Poppy treats anxiety, sedative, nervous tension, sleeplessness, pain relief, menstrual cramps
Carrot fiber, potassium, folic acid, vitamins A, B3 & E, beta-carotene improve eyes and night vision, lowers cholesterol, cancer prevention
Catnip
Cauliflower fiber, potassium, vitamins B3 & C
Chamomile sooths stomach ailments
Cherry – Black / Sour carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins A, B3 & C
Chestnut — Chinese protein, potassium
Chives, Bunching Onions, Scallions, Garlic fiber folic, acid, vitamin C benefits the immune system, assists the liver in rendering carcinogens harmless and reduces production of cholesterol in the liver
Clover — Sweet
Coriander / Cilantra
Corn carbohydrates, fiber
Cornflower conjunctivitis, strained eyes
Cranberry fiber, vitamin C antidote for poisons
Cucumber calcium, silica, fiber, folic acid, vitamins A & C improves skin / complexion, diuretic, cures headaches
Dandelion protein, manganese treats anemia, jaundice, nervousness, blood purification, milky latex is a bug repellent
Dill
Echinacea treats colds and flu, fights infections, stimulates immune system, heals wounds and burns, chronic fatigue syndrome, yeast infections
Eggplant vitamin B3
Fennel fiber, calcium, potassium, iron, vitamins A & C
Fenugreek high cholesterol, speeds healing
Feverfew migraine headaches, anti-inflammatory, arthritis pain, menstrual discomfort
Fig carbohydrates, fiber, folic acid
Grape carbohydrates, fiber, folic acid, potassium, resveratrol, vitamins A, B3, B6, C & K cancer prevention
Gooseberry & Currant fiber, potassium, vitamins C & D
Goumi — Sweet Scarlet
Hops
Hyssop eases congestion for colds and the flu, gargle for sore throats, reduces inflammation, heals cuts and bruises, herpes
Kale calcium, potassium, vitamins A, B3 & C
Lavender
Lettuce fiber, folic acid
Lemon Balm
Lima Beans protein, carbohydrates, fiber, iron, potassium, vitamin E
Lime — Key
Mache — Corn Salad
Marshmallow chapped and dry skin, anti-inflammatory, respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, colds, coughs, digestive and urinary-tract inflammations, itching, cuts, scrapes, burns
Mint — Spearmint & Peppermint Methyl cures stomach ailments
Mustard Greens iron, phosphorous, calcium, vitamins A, B & C fertility, improved mental ability, treats vitamin C deficiencies such as scurvy
Nasturtium vitamin C fights bacterial infections, anti-microbial, respiratory infections, influenza, the common cold, reproductive and urinary tract infections
Orange carbohydrates, fiber, potassium, folic acid, vitamin C
Parsley minerals, iron, antioxidants, chlorophyll, vitamins A & C reduces flatulence, freshens breath, aids in digestion, antidote for poisons, calms nerves, anemia
Parsnip carbohydrates, fiber, potassium, vitamin C
Pear carbohydrates, fiber, folic acid
Penny Royal insect repellent, flea collar
Pepper — Chili capsaicin, vitamins A & C, beta-carotene pain relief, cures colds and the flue, cancer and heart attack prevention, treats congestion, asthma, osteoathritis, rheumatoid arthritis
Pleurisy Root respiratory infections, reduces inflammation, aids expectoration, bronchitis, pneumonia, influenza, asthma, dry cough, pleurisy, warts
Plum carbohydrates, fiber, potassium
Popcorn iron, protein, fiber
Potato carbohydrates, copper, potassium, magnesium, fiber, vitamin B3, B5, B6 & C protects against cancer and cardiovascular disease
Pumpkin fiber, potassium, vitamin A
Radish folic acid, vitamin C
Raspberry manganese, fiber, folic acid, vitamins C & E, antioxidants anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal, antiseptic, treats diarrhea, nausea, colds, the flu, sore throats, bleeding gums, cankers, scabies and scurvy, glucose regulation, cancer prevention
Rhubarb carbohydrates, fiber, potassium
Rosemary calcium, vitamins A & C cure-all, breath cleanser, calms a cough, improves memory, antiseptic, cures headaches, anti-aging
Sage aids healing, used as a bandage, toothbrush for the American Indian or with bear fat to rub in the skin, improves memory, aids in digestion of meats, throats, tonsillitis
Savory — Summer prevents gas, aid digestion, stimulate appetite,, astringent, antiseptic, diarrhea, sore throats
Savory — Winter treats insect bites and stings, digestive aid, appetite stimulant, prevents gas, stomach aches
Snow Peas carbohydrates, fiber
Spinach folic acid, fiber, potassium, vitamins A & C, beta-carotene aids in tissue growth and cell function, prevents anemia and ulcer, treats diarrhea,
Strawberry fiber, folic acid, vitamin C
Sunflower pain relief, eases coughs, bronchial infections, anti-inflammatory, arthritis treatment
Sweet Marjoram / Oragano motion sickness, stomach ailments, relieves congestion, aches and pains
Sweetleaf / Sugarbush natural sweetener safe for diabetics
Tangerine — Suburst carbohydrates, fiber, potassium, folic acid, vitamin C
Tarragon French
Teaberry / Wintergreen fiber, vitamin C, glycoside cancer prevention, treats stomach ailments and diarrhea
Thistle
Thyme methyl antiseptic, anti-fungal, fights parasites, invigorating, good for teeth and gums, treats headaches, warts, bruises and stings
Tomato folic acid, folate, retinol, fiber, potassium, vitamins A, C & K, antioxidants, lycopene, carotene cancer prevention / protects from free radicals
Valerian relaxing, sleep aid, insomnia, anxiety, nervousness, tension headaches, migraines, rheumatic pain relief, relaxes spasms, muscle and menstrual cramps
Viola rutin eczema, varicose veins, coughs, bronchitis, urinary problems, cystitis
Watercress niacin, thiamin, riboflavin, iron, ascorbic acid, vitamins A & C, beta-carotene improves mental ability, prevents baldness, increases productivity, cures a hang-over, cures scurvy, blood detoxification
Wheatgrass chlorophyll, 92 minerals cancer prevention, prevents hair from turning gray, improves digestion, treats liver ailments, appetite suppressant
Yarrow treats hangovers, eliminate toxins, colds, flu, aids digestion, relieves menstrual cramps, stop bleeding, cleansing, pain relief, swelling
Zucchini — Summer Squash fiber, vitamin C

What is freedom?


What is Freedom

What is freedom? are you born with it or is it granted to you from where you are from, is it earned? can you buy it?

An insight from my self i hope you will enjoy the trip……

Freedom is something you have from the birth, the second you arrive to this world, yes you are free, no one owns you,
if some one tells you to follow a path blindly would you do it? or would you explore it by all means you have?

in the socaity we all live in let it be United States Of America or any other country

you are FREE, you have the freedom of choise to do what ever you want or tobecome who ever you want, there is no one who can tell you that you dont have the rights,

My obeservations what i have made this will hurt most of the readers, You have given up that last thing you had , its called Freedom, you are slaves to various factions.

What are these various factions?

1.Media

2. The powers what controlls the media(ELITE)

Freedom cant be bought with any kind of resources, IF you think you can buy it then you are wrong, it cant be earned too, you are FREE.

The path what the People walk on is not really so free what you think, i will prove and bust that bubble right now.

1. Dication of what is right in the eyes of governement

2. it startes allready in the kindergarten(Horrifed yet?)

3.schools, they teach you what they want you to learn or what you think is right? where is the freedom of choise there? its not you need to take it in all the LIES they want to teach you

4.Commercials, Brainwashing programs for you ( Electronical brainwashing messing with brain waves) They tell you what YOU need and have to BUY!!!

The Freedom of choise, is something you have USE it, the elite dont like this, but it is your OWN choise not theirs….

Humans has one funny little twist once they realize they are free they give it up so easily, to some else or something to controll them.

So why not start on that Right PATH you have the choise, USE it DO it and live your LIFE FREE as it is meant to be….

remember this if you are negative, Negativity will come to you, and if you are happy, Happyness will come to you

And if you live your life in Free, it will be FREE, No one OWNS you, Not even your parents, they can only be a stewart among the way they cant maintance an ownership of you, because you where free from the start.

this may rise questions i cant answer on, so be patient if you wish to have an answer of what i mean, some might understand this others might never do.

But i wish the best to all as allways

Love peace and Enlightenment